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It has been over a decade since Internet of Things was first coined by Kevin Ashton. Since then, it has expanded alongside a growing technological hub spanning a diverse set of industries. In many ways it makes our everyday life more efficient, bridging the gap between physical objects with the collection and sharing of data on the internet.

Internet of Things has paved the way forward for objects to interact with each other without the need of management by people. Decisions are realized in real time, supported by data in the same moment helping to detect any changes happening in the surrounding environment.

The potential of this sector within urban cities is increasingly evident and there are many realities ready to invest in this type of innovation. Debates have run high as to the potential back falls this technological age may bring forward. However,  one thing known for sure is that it is enabling opportunities in areas we would have never imagined.

Its impact has crossover into developing countries, where it has the capacity of changing existing processes and expand efficiency in sectors in need of new solutions to a variety of challenges. By providing a cost-efficient model for enhancing the development in different processing mechanisms through the improvement of various projects in the research, monitoring, and evaluation stages, the higher the chances are for these countries to transform themselves into more sustainable environments.

Developing countries have always faced challenges that come with the distribution of water and the improvement of sanitary conditions. IOT technologies have created a path in which different countries are addressing this problem in innovative ways. Startup company CityTaps began an experiment in Niamey, Niger partnering with the local water utility struggling to afford to maintain, operate, and handle reading the barometers that can drive the costs high and impede restorations.

Their solution was partnering with utilities and setting up a network of IoT systems supported by a  Low Power Wide Area Network that allows the generator to create payments and detect malfunctions in real time. By leveraging data from the sensors, more accurate performances can result. The process works by having the consumer pre-pay for water services at home through a mobile device. The consumer has the facility to pay for any amount at any time and the provider is guaranteed payment for delivery.

In India, Smarter Homes is a startup tackling water consumption with at home monitoring systems. As a response to a 2014  water crisis in Bengaluru following population growth, IBM’s IOT division collaborated with the Bengaluru Water Supply and Sewerage Board in forming a command center where they were able to track the water flow and pressure and with the IBM Intelligent Water Software alert officials about any discrepancies in the system.

Healthcare in developing countries is another sector innovating from the Internet of Things. Nexleaf Technology is advancing health conditions by making conditions better for vaccinations using a wireless remote temperature monitoring system called Cold trace. The system works by sending storage temperature and power status to personal through SMS whenever there are changes in the environment. IOT’s role is having sensors in these containers monitor temperature, humidity and light.

It also is  a means for developing emergency response tactics when disasters strike these regions; where poor infrastructures and high population densities play a significant role in how the effects unfold.

Known for its susceptibility to earthquakes, Mexico uses an early warning system called SkyAlert that detects seismic activity 120 seconds before impact in accordance to the distance of the epicenter. Thus providing greater opportunity for people to take shelter before the earthquake hits.

Brazil launched a first of its kind state-of-the-art intelligence center in 2010, as a response to the fatal landslides that took place in the  spring. Motion sensors generate data feeds on traffic, weather, police and medical services in real-time. Once the data is generated, anticipated problems are detect and defenses are set into place. If potential emergencies emerge, citizens are alerted via sms and other media platforms. Those prone to at-risk areas receive a siren call for evacuation instruction.

With a new technological advancement happening in the developed world, and the impact that IOT has had in industries like agriculture and transportation, there are numerous applications where it can be of use in the developing worlds. Who knows? Maybe the Internet of Things is a possible solution to the processes needed for these countries to overcome these challenges.

For more information, please visit the link below to visit the World Economic Forum’s Guidebook to building a more sustainable society using the Internet of Things.

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/IoTGuidelinesforSustainability.pdf


IOT, or the Internet of Things, is taking the technology by storm. Technology is everywhere, and the future is digital. The future is more than just technology though, but technology has found its way into so many other aspects. How will the Internet of Things stretch farther than the world it was produced in? Learn how the Internet of Things is impacting other industries below.

Manufacturing

A current industrial revolution is in the works, and IOT is helping it happen.

IOT works to optimize two main areas in the manufacturing industry: business and production. This industry will be impacted from the ground up. On the floor, there is the possibility to have new technologies incorporated into machines which will work more efficiently, and possibly entirely on their own. This technology includes the possibility for predictive maintenance, a time-consuming and expensive cost if not dealt with timely and appropriately. The sensors used in IOT technologies can predict and alert to maintenance concerns, along with many other functions these sensor possess such as detecting issues that would present safety concerns. To read more about what these sensors could do for the factory floor, click here.

The manufacturing industry will be completely transformed in the way that they are ran and monitored. According to Tech Company Sensohive, “IIoT enables manufacturers to have new ‘eyes and ears’ in the production.” The new technologies and machines will allow for the factory floor to be better maintained and monitored, and executive offices will have access to more data. This data will be vital in accessing efficiency and cost optimization in time, cost, and production. These technologies will connect the factory floor to the executive offices, and will allow those making decisions to have a fuller view and a better understanding of the workings of the company.

Retail

It’s not easy to sell to a complete stranger. With IOT technologies, no customer is truly a complete stranger.

IOT technologies are excellent for collecting data of all sorts. How does this function in the retail industry? Wonderfully, actually. Having data on a direct customer is extremely useful for deciding how to tailor a sale to that customer. According to the site I-Scoop, “89% of early-movers in retail gain increased insight into customer preferences and behaviors from the Internet of Things.”

IOT systems are being used in the retail industry to collect data on who enters a store, and it picks up on their demographic, their age, which area of the store they spend the majority of their time in, and how long they were in the store compared to how much they actually purchased. Incorporating this technology into this industry not allow allows for retailers to get a better understanding of their customers, but it allows for them to create personalized experiences for shoppers. Products and services may then be suggested to the customer based on previously collected data.

Incorporating IOT technologies into a retail corporation allows them to use sensors to detect when inventory in a warehouse is low so that products are always available when customers want them. Also, these technologies can be used to track shipped packages more efficiently and keep the consumer informed about their progress and status.

Customers themselves can even make the job easier, utilizing IOT software to scan an item on their phone and instantly receive information about the products such as its price and helpful reviews. A customer who has more information on a product is more likely to purchase that product, and a company utilizing IOT is more likely to get them their product successfully.

Health Care

The use of IOT in the Health Care industry is exciting because not only is there the potential to save money, but there’s a potential to save lives.

The incorporation of the Internet of Things into the Health Care industry is not yet completely widespread, but the opportunities for its integration are. According to Forbes contributor Bernard Marr, “the IOT healthcare market will reach $136.8 billion worldwide by 2021.”

IOT has implications in both the personal patient side of health care and in the insurance side. IOT hopes to instill wearable technologies that they can all speak to each other so that they may individually monitor things about a person such as their heart rate, blood sugar levels, glucose levels and more. According to IOT Agenda, these sensors “gather medical data that was never before accessible.” IOT allows the separate devices to communicate and interpret, based on the data that they are collecting, whether there is a problem. From here, they can alert the patient and other necessary assistance so that these problems can be attended to. These devices offer patients the opportunity to monitor their own health from the comforts of their own home.

The Internet of Things is applicable to the health insurance sector as well. Allowing patients to monitor their own levels at all hours provides insurance companies with data that is both truthful and accurate. In addition, this data allows doctors to be more proactive in diagnosing and treating patients which prevents many simple sicknesses and illnesses from getting to a point where they are life-threatening. Click here to read more about the ways IOT systems can be utilized in the health care industry.

Transportation

The Internet of Things has the potential to have a huge impact on the transportation industry, an industry that spills over onto many others.

The site Supply Chain 247 states that “whether by air, ground, or sea, transportation and logistics are essential components to many enterprises’ productivity, and access to real-time data is critical.” With IOT software, cars will hopefully have sensors that can monitor and schedule maintenance, optimize fuel, and even train their drivers. Sensors can monitor traffic flow and predict obstacles that could slow up delivery processes, allowing companies to alert their customers or even decide early enough on alternate means of delivery. This proactive approach will save companies money as well as strengthening their relationships to their customers. In addition, the software is hopefully developing to a point of autonomous driving, a practice which is obvious in its ways to potentially save corporations money. To read more about how businesses are directly impacted by the growing incorporation of IOT into the transportation industry, click here and here.

Energy

IOT is having a large impact on the energy industry, helping business’ wallets and the earth’s well-being at the same time.

Incorporating IOT software into the energy industry has positive effects on all types of businesses, whether they are energy-focused or not. As we’ve established, one of the most important parts of IOT software is its ability to use sensors and technology to collect and utilize data. These sensors play a huge role in this industry. Placing the sensors on machines can allow companies to monitor if the machines themselves are functioning in a way that is environmentally efficient, as functioning this way saves businesses money. IOT sensors placed on smart thermostats can be used to automatically switch off high-powered devices during their peak demand times.

According to IOT Innovation, “In the United States alone, 30% of the energy used in an average commercial building is wasted.” The data collected from sensors can give companies an idea of whether they are being efficient or not, and smart sensors can help them fix their issues and become more efficient in the areas they identify through the data. Maintaining equipment and supplies in this way helps to avoid outages, utilize their power, and identify safety hazards, saving energy and money for all businesses. Click here to read more about the way in which the energy industry is impacted by IOT.

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