WHAT IS THE INDUSTRIAL IOT?

To understand what Industrial IoT is, let’s first take a step back and explain  in a nutshell what we mean when we say the “Internet of Things”.

In 1999 Kevin Ashton, a researcher at MIT in Boston, described the Internet of Things as a set of technologies that allows to control, monitor and transfer information by connecting a device to the Internet.

The Industrial Internet of Things, usually abbreviated with IIoT, is therefore a verticalization of the broader concept of IoT, focused on the industrial ecosystem and enabled by technologies such as cybersecurity, cloud and edge computing, big-data analysis, artificial intelligence and machine learning.

IIoT MARKET

According to a report signed by IndustryARC, the Industrial IoT market will reach 124 billion dollars by 2021 and should exceed 771 billion dollars by 2026. The CAGR (compound annual growth rate) in the period forecast 2018-2026, is instead estimated at 24.3%.

The key to this growth lies in the fact that data obtained in real time not only allows better management of the production process, but also better management of all company assets, offering a clear and immediate picture of the company’s performance in all its areas.

IIoT SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

The ordinary structure of an IIoT system is a modular architecture organized in 4 Levels:

  1. Device Level: is the physical component of the IIoT system: IT hardware, machinery and sensors;
  2. Network Level: it consists of communication protocols, cloud computing and wifi networks that collect data and transfer them to the next level;
  3. Service Level: made up of functional applications and software for analysis as well as the  transformation of data into information that can be displayed on the driver’s dashboard;
  4. Content Level: it is the last layer of the stack and is formed by user interface devices.

ADVANTAGES OF INDUSTRIAL IOT

The wide availability of data collected makes it possible to monitor and maintain (also in a predictive manner) strategic infrastructures, by utilizing AI and machine learning algorithms, we are able to generate estimates, forecasts on possible risks and suggest measures to be taken before failures occur.

For example, in the infrastructure sector, IoT sensors and predictive algorithms could allow the continuous monitoring of:

  • Tunnels: to assess their deformations and convergence;
  • Bridges: to check its inclinations and deflection measures;
  • Buildings: to measure static deformations on buildings and verify their structural integrity;
  • Sewage systems: to evaluate the speed and flow of waves;

The result of industrial IoT projects is the reduction of energy and maintenance costs, as well as the general improvement of business productivity and the employees work quality.

CRITICALITY OF THE IIoT 

  • Cyber ​​security: The existing IT security measures for IoT devices are far lower, and the risks are sometimes underestimated, compared to the existing measures for more traditional computers and devices. The risk of connecting a device to a network  makes it a potential target of a cyber attack.
  • Lack of standardization in communication protocols: industrial communication protocols are the conditio sine qua non for interconnection and data exchange between machine and software. In most companies the hardware is extremely varied in age, manufacturer and technology used. This heterogeneity often requires the use of different communication protocols thus making the interconnection operation complex and expensive.

However, these critical issues must not discourage investments in IIoT projects. The long-term benefits are extremely superior to the short-term efforts in terms of human and economic resources.

IIoT IN GREENVULCANO

Well before the IoT became a research trend, GreenVulcano had already developed its own solution to offer to customers.

Leading  the integration market thanks to an experience of over 10 years, GreenVulcano has recently put Sibyl (its IoT platform) on the market: . Sibyl is a cloud based (but can also be used on premise), plug and play, dedicated to the management, remote control and predictive maintenance solution to monitor complex infrastructure systems.

Find out which could be the right solution for the needs of your company and don’t hesitate to write us for further information.

To learn more about Greenvulcano’s IoT solution visit our website and don’t miss the next article.

“A control system … would have allowed us to immediately understand the conditions of structures subject to possible catastrophes, and today would have allowed us to prevent many of the disasters that have occurred in recent times”.

 

These are the words of the engineer. Paolo Persi del Marmo CEO of NTSG, a partner company of GreenVulcano.

 

The solution referred to, based on OF (acronym of optical fibers), comes precisely from the need to verify the health status of a structure during its life, a system patented by NTSG to monitor the 3D and 2D deformations of an element of generic shape, using optical fibers as a means of measurement, a system that finds its greatest application in the control of major works (bridges, tunnels, roads, railways, dams) and buildings: a very topical aspect given the recent tragic events that hit Italy.

 

The data, once acquired, passes to the IoT platform of GreenVulcano, where they are analyzed to draw up reports and statistics, and to artificial intelligence that uses them to make predictive maintenance and prevent possible future structural damage.

 

Most likely you will have already heard about the term Internet of Things.

 

Although on the internet there are excellent descriptions if you have any curiosity about the topic we suggest you start reading some of the posts of our blog and then deepen the topics that interest you the most:

 

 

But what is an IoT platform and what are its characteristics? In this series of articles, we will try to give a more complete answer by explaining the growing need for every company that intends to start IoT projects and how the company GreenVulcano Technologies, with its solid technical background, can help companies to face the many challenging aspects of the IoT revolution.

 

2 – An “IoT data storm” is coming. Get ready

 

After the initial IoT hype and the disillusionment phase, we arrived at the beginning of the widespread adoption of technology and productivity. Customers recognize the IoT as a fundamental element for digital transformation and are ready to take the right steps to be part of it.

 

Sensors and actuators of all kinds are added to the Internet at unimaginable speed and the IoT market will continue to be one of the best exponentially growing markets in the coming years.

 

Customers will always pay more attention to the estimate and the results of every investment in this field.

 

The amount of data that “objects” generate and download on the Internet every day has never been addressed before and will need new technologies and new paradigms to be able to collect, store, process and analyze the IoT data flow.

 

But how much data are we talking about when we say “data storm”?

 

Just to give an example on a real monitoring scenario, we show you that of a tunnel, for the control of convergence and longitudinal deformations, when it is located on land subject to landslides.

Here are some photos that show one of the fundamental activities of IoT, that is to enable objects to “speak” to communicate information. This is the tunnel walls along their entire length:

Monitoring of a gallery:

  • Number of sensors: 780
  • Sampling frequency: 10 Hz
  • Wiring: 30 km of an optical fiber (Val di Sambro tunnel)
  • Package size: 6 bytes (each sensor) + 30 bytes of header
  • Hours of operation: 24/24 hours, 365 days/year

 

it follows:

 

  • 780 sensors * 10 Hz * 10 bytes * 60 seconds * 60 minutes * 24 hours
    • ~ 46 Kb per second
    • 161.7 MB per hour
    • 3.78 GB per day
    • 10 messages (~ 4.6 kb each message) per second

 

This is a simple scenario, but there are monitoring situations that require sampling frequencies at 1000 Hz, which may then require the transfer of 1000 measurements per second on the internet.

 

For a general idea, let’s consider this table, which shows the ranges of data related to a group of sensors of a hypothetical IoT project:

 

Amount of data of a hypothetical IoT project # of bytes to digest over the internet
Small < 100 MB per day
Medium < 1-10 GB per day
High < 50-500 GB per day
Huge > 500 GB > 1 TB > 100 TB > …?

 

This table is today quite realistic when it classifies traffic as small, medium, high and huge, and given that in the near future the numbers are destined to increase exponentially, the effect that will have is that the longevity of IoT solutions will be shorter and shorter. , therefore (again) it is important to adopt open, modular and scalable solutions and, above all, a correct methodological approach that can take account of this growth if we want to be able to exploit this revolution to the fullest.

Here at GreenVulcano, we are well aware of it has already had too many times to intervene in solutions and configurations that were not adequate and that required the design of the system starting from scratch. These situations have as a direct consequence the facing of further expenditure, with the main damage of keeping inoperative or operating only in one part, the structure on which it was already spent.

3- Conclusions

The IoT solutions will be increasingly used this because they transmit important knowledge to help digital transformation and are proving a basic element in every sector and market division. The cloud, the analysis and the IoT will extraordinarily improve the companies controlled by technology and will give greater productivity, safety, intelligence and profitability to the company. Unfortunately, most IT associations have almost no knowledge or training on operational structures such as monitoring and data acquisition supervision systems (SCADA).

So if you are serious about starting an IoT project for your organization, choosing an appropriate IoT platform and choosing an experienced service provider are extremely important and sensitive.

This is only the first step because then we need to move on to an analysis of new features that will be basic in the coming years such as:

  • artificial intelligence
  • edge computing
  • etc..

Things we will discover and deepen better in the next article.

Make an inquiry. How might I take care of a business issue utilizing IoT? The appropriate response is straightforward:

  • deploy IoT sensors all through the building, workforce and the fields,
  • introduce entryways and perusers all through to gather the information from the sensors and drive it up to the cloud
  • run machine learning or AI to find solutions to take care of each business issue.

Presently, rethink the inquiry in an unexpected way. On the off chance that the issues are anything but difficult to distinguish and unravel, for what reason does IoT not by any means illuminate these issues? The truth of the appropriate response is, any business issue that can be settled by IoT looks simple on paper however difficult to actualize.

 

Making the IoT work for the majority is, even more, an information challenge than a gadget availability issue. We initially need to remove the information from gadgets at that point make sense of what everything implies. Up until this point, the market has been centered around getting keen devices on the web. We’ve seen little development to enable us to devour every one of the information that these contraptions and machines gather. Subsequently, numerous IoT solutions experience the ill effects of the last-mile issue.

 

About this topic Marco D’Ambrosio, R & D Manager of GreenVulcano Technology s.r.l. has very clear ideas:

“Before the spread of the computerization culture, what is nowadays created with a simple software program, was realized with physical electronic cards that sometimes managed mechanics. Just think of the industrial production companies that still make extensive use of it. Today everyone talks about IoT but few have traveled the last mile filling the GAP between the immaterial part “software” and the material part “Device”. Although the passage seems short, it actually represents the union of two worlds, that of electronics and mechanics on one side and that of computers on the other.”

 

At the end of the day, these arrangements are gathering information, yet neglect to enable individuals to see and comprehend the information they mine.

 

So we asked Marco what could facilitate the adoption of this process.

“The road map of this procedure is strongly dictated by the funds and the tools put in place by the bodies in charge, in fact we can see that the whole world is pushing towards the industry 4.0, which is nothing but to unite these two worlds that have driven the development of all the major world economies of the last 60 years.

It should be emphasized that the device is an enabling factor and not the ultimate goal of innovation, which instead leads to a deep understanding of those correlations that make a procedure profitable.”

 

And as our IoT data starts to help drive decisions, things go from being mere devices that carry signals to being agents of empowerment that transform organizations.

 

That’s how we close the last-mile gap.

 

We’ve only scratched the surface. As devices light up, things get interesting—if we can decode what the devices have to say.

 

But what is the fundamental characteristic of this new perspective?

“This new approach will generate shared knowledge.

While before such a vision was the prerogative of the experts, who could see the pockets of inefficiency nested in the process, thanks to a factor of “natural data analysis” dictated by experience, the IoT and the deep analysis will make it more democratic and accessible reach excellence.

Who will win this great challenge are the companies that will be able to create open IoT platforms, for the realization of applications aimed at solving real problems, caring about security and data supply chain.

 

Once we see and understand IoT data, we’ll be able to make smarter decisions about our personal well-being, our professional performance, and the world we share.

 

With the rise of low-cost sensors, connectivity everywhere, and our fast-growing volume of data, the Internet of Things is likely to reshape the world as we know it.

The Internet of Things is probably going to reshape the world as we probably are aware of it. As per Gartner, Inc., there will be almost 26 billion associated gadgets by 2020. From wearables to home automation, to assembling streamlining, the potential outcomes are colossal, yet so are the difficulties.

 

“In my opinion, this is a real industrial revolution that will make a natural selection of truly innovative companies and those that instead claim to be but that are actually conservative and will struggle to move forward.”

 

If you do not want to miss the opportunity that this digital transformation brings to, contact us for a free consultation to this email: marketing@greenvulcano.com

 

As soon as possible we will set up a meeting where you can solve your doubts and you will have the necessary tools to face this revolution.

 

Enthusiasts, experts, companies and developers met last Friday (March 29th) at Luiss Enlabs HQ, the largest startup accelerator in Europe, for the launching event of the roman IoT Xperts Rome community.

“How IoT is Changing the World” was the main title for this first meeting. Organized following the Aperitech recipe studied by Codemotion, it has been a great opportunity to exchange ideas and opinions on topics that revolve around the variegated universe of the Internet of Things.

The goal of the community is to gather experts, passionates, students and companies to one place and to create a network capable to boost relations and cooperation between members to create or improve IoT projects.

How can be world changed using IoT?

Let’s see how answered the three speakers of the IoT Xperts Roma meeting!

Gian Andrea Fanella, marketing manager of GreenVulcano and co-founder of the IoT Xperts Roma community, recalled the event:

“On Friday we’ve launched the basis for a great shared project! I like to think that this community will really become a point of reference for all actors in the IoT field. We are looking for idea’s exchange, for working together on pioneering IoT projects, creating new synergies between developers and all those who want to approach the Internet Of Thing, which now represents the near future.”

The main speaker of the event was Claudio Botta, CEO of Bway and a great lover of all new IoT technologies, in particular for hardware technologies and protocols.

Regarding the event Claudio said:

“Finally even in Rome it’s possible to meet to exchange ideas, share projects and above all find partners to deal with complex IoT projects. I fully embrace the choice of this location where you can breathe a “sparkling” air and the right energy to tackle such a wide-ranging and innovative theme as the IoT.”

Last speaker of the meeting has been Domenico Barra, CTO and Co-Founder of Adamantic, a recently born company that has the goal to build IoT and blockchain solutions aimed at the architecture of information systems.

Speaking on-the-spot of Friday’s event, Domenico said:

“It’s been a real pleasure to participate at the first gathering of Iot Xperts. I recognized among people in the audience – and in the generous buffet offered at the end of the event – several respected professionals of the roman IoT scene, and I was pleasantly surprised by the interest that the event has aroused. I will definitely participate to the next events, and I sincerely hope that some of those who were in the audience can present their experiences.”

There is no doubt that it was a first, fertile, opportunity to meet different realities with a common purpose: to innovate business processes and bring IoT solutions into everyday reality.

The community is open to everyone, you can easily keep in touch with all the participants thanks to the Facebook group dedicated to it.

The next event will be held on May 4th. Stay tuned, more details soon!

The Internet of Things is taking the tech world by storm. The network of interconnected devices now has a foot in just about every industry you could imagine. It is rapidly developing new software and devices that will only continue to advance its impact. Tech site Red Herring estimates that by the year 2025, the Internet of Things market will be valued at a shocking $6.2 trillion dollars. The software is on the rise, taking over industries left and right. So how do you improve an already successful tech brainchild? You marry it to another one.

What is Blockchain?

Blockchain was first introduced to the world through its use with the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. The software involves the sharing of digital information. What sets it apart is that this information is distributed, not copied. The software allows for editing and for additional information to be added, but it is protected in a way that doesn’t limit its ability to be shared. The information is passed around, therefore it is stored publically and in various locations, making it easily accessible if needed, and easily verifiable at all points. Even better, it is estimated that about 20% of all IoT devices will have blockchain services in them by next year, and the technology will add an additional $3.1 trillion to the market value of IoT.

In addition to adding market value, Blockchain technologies will improve some of the issues that the Internet of Things and its users were experiencing. Here’s how:

Security

The addition of Blockchain technology to IoT devices improves them by making them more secure. IoT specializes in the rapid and accurate collection of data. However, with a network of interconnected devices this large, there is always room for security mishaps. Blockchain both prevents hackers and limits hacker damage if it does occur by decentralizing the network. Instead of keeping all the data centrally stored as IoT is formatted to do, Blockchain decentralizes and makes separate copies of data which are then added to and passed on, creating a chain that is harder for a hacker to cut through. In addition, the technology is programmed to prevent duplication or addition of any data to the established chain. Security has been a prime concern for many when it comes to IoT, and Blockchain has added a solution to the problem.

Transparency/Customer Trust

In addition to overall security, Blockchain software adds a new level of security for the consumer because it adds transparency. Blockchain eliminates all human oversight. The machines record all the transactions independently, therefore, humans cannot record or overwrite any data on their own. As Venture Beat puts it, “with blockchain backing that transaction, they know it’s secure”. This new combination of technologies reduces corruption and allows for consumers to fully trust in a company’s software.

Data Monetization

With Blockchain in the mix, an entire new spectrum of data compilation and exchange has opened up in the form of data monetization. Blockchain adds an element to the Internet of Things which includes a cloud that users can register their devices on. From here, they can sell their data in the form of real time exchange for cryptocurrency. This takes IoT’s rapid data collection a step further by adding the opportunity to do something with that data.

Cost/Time Efficient

One of the biggest benefits to the Internet of Things is its efficiency. It accurately stores data that gives an overall view on a company and allows for time and money saving decisions to be made. Incorporating Blockchain only escalates this efficiency. A decentralized server means less complexity, which ultimately means less costs. It also is more time efficient because the company and the consumer can track their own personal data along the chain, cutting out the middle man when it comes to monitoring the data. Blockchain improves an already effective and efficient system with its own efficiencies.

Blockchain is changing the already successful Internet of Things. Its simplification of the software allows for increased efficiency, it’s decentralization allows for a more secure network, and its traceability adds accountability to a company and produces a history that is essential for troubleshooting. This technology is improving a technology that is already improving multiple industries on its own. The possibilities and the advantages to this collaboration are nothing if not exciting.

 

 

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Internet Of Things, mostly called by its acronym IoT, is a market worth, only in Italy, almost 3 billion euros, registering a 40% growth during the last year. IoT is a term coined back in 1999, by Kevin Ashton (aged 49), a tech pioneer and visionary, founder of the Auto-ID Center research consortium, at MIT. While working on RFID, the radio frequency identification, he conceived a sensor system capable of linking the physical world to the web, extracting data from objects and making them digitally usable. Within IoT we will always find three basic components: sensor-equipped instruments + an integration software + the internet connection to the outer world (and possibly also AI or soft cloud softwares, necessary for additional services). Read more

The GreenVulcano Technologies group was born in 2001 as a brainchild of Ciro Romano and Gianfranco Iannello, former consultants for major companies, both Italian and foreigner, such as Telecom Italia, BLU e Q8. Their know-how merged into the new reality of GreenVulcano, a brand name decidedly oriented to convey their mission: combining their own 100% Italian origins with all the relevant international experiences they had collected in the IT field. Read more