In the first post related to the IoT platform we talked about some introductory aspects:

  • The importance of using an IoT platform for disaster prediction, showing a real project for monitoring the structure of bridges and tunnels (NTSG partner)
  • The meaning of IoT data storm (how much data are we talking about)
  • That importance of choosing an appropriate IoT platform and an experienced service provider before starting an IoT project.

In this and future posts, we will describe many aspects of the IoT world and how the GV IoT platform addresses them, using as a real scenario for the discussion a project for monitoring the structural deformations of a highway tunnel subject to landslides. This scenario will be used as the background to the narration for all GV IoT platform posts.

To simplify the exposition of the GV IoT platform, in terms of what it is and how it addresses some of the top IoT issues (amount of data to elaborate, security, scalability, storage and analytics), we will describe the trip of a single measurement from Things to Humans and the back trip of a command from Humans to Things.

 

We now begin describing the monitoring scenario and immediately after we will begin the narration from the Thing, the real protagonist of this story.

The scenarios that will be used during the trip into the GV IoT platform

Reference scenario: Monitoring structural deformation of a tunnel

 

The scenario consists in monitoring the health of a tunnel, in term of structural deformations that may damage the tunnel itself and put Humans in danger.

Natural causes that affect the structure of a tunnel:

  • Landslides
  • Earthquakes
  • Wind
  • Infiltrations
  • Temperature
  • Etc.

Human causes that affect the structure of a tunnel:

  • Traffic
  • Heavy vehicles
  • Accidents
  • Etc.

But how do you actually prepare a tunnel to be monitored for deformations?

We can use a FS22 Industrial BraggMETER (picture 1) and wire the entire tunnel with the fiber cable (picture 2) and strain sensors (picture 3).

Source: NTSG Val di Sambro: “3 lines of sensors have been installed along the whole tunnel, while the thermal sensors have been installed at distances previously set. This to compensate the effects, on the readings, of thermal variations and to obtain a pure mechanical deformation. It is possible to control the longitudinal movements of the tunnel, and verify if the tunnel keeps the initial shape as designed.”

  • Number of sensors: 780
  • Sampling rate: 10 Hz
  • Wiring: 30 km of optical fiber
  • Packet dimension: 6 bytes (single sensor) – 30 bytes header for all
  • PLE: 4 (working platform, lifting)
  • Working time: 24/24h, 365d/year

We have:

  • 780 sensors * 10 Hz * 10 bytes * 60 seconds * 60 minutes * 24 hours
    • ~46 Kb per second
    • 161,7 MB per hour
    • 3,78 GB per day
    • 10 messages (~4,6 kb each message) per second to send over the internet

 

Many information about the IoT technology can be found here: https://www.hbm.com/en.

 

(1) FS22: Industrial BraggMETER

(2) Fibre cable: can be very long

(3) Strain sensor

(4) BraggMONITOR application

(5) BraggMONITOR application

(6) Other sensors

 

 

 

 

The picture 4 of the BraggMONITOR application (window application that connects via LAN to the Industrial BraggMETER) shows all strain sensors that start from the Industrial BraggMETER, that in this case has four fiber cables doors.

 

(7) The tunnel from one of the working platform (PLE)

(8) The FS22 + switches

(9) The fibre cable

(10) Wiring elements

(11) Switch + wiring elements

(12) Wiring elements

 

The trip from Things to Humans: sensed data and analytics

The story begins with a strain sensor SS01 at t1 that is measuring a wavelength of 1572.52 nm (nanometer = one billionth of a meter). Actually, it is not just that sensor that is measuring the wavelength, but all 780 sensors at a common frequency of 10 Hz.

 

At 2018-Set-10 10:10:20.1 (.1 = 1/10 of a sec)

Wavelength = 1572.52 nm

 

Here are some initial questions to answer if you want to use the BraggMETER:

  • How can we read this importation out of the BraggMETER?
  • How is the information coded? Binary, ASCII?
  • Can we read a single value at a time or can we read in continuous mode (at 10 Hz)?
  • Do I need a special communication protocol to use the BraggMETER?
  • etc.

Fortunately, the BraggMETER has an ethernet door and a user manual that can be retrieved here:

To make this story short, here are the answers:

  • If you open a socket with the command port and send a particular command to it, the BraggMETER can send pieces of information back to you in continuous mode on another port. You can also decide if you want the information in binary or ASCII mode
  • The FS22 talks the “skippy” language:
  • Each package (binary in this example) that you receive has a header of 30 bytes and 6 bytes for each sensor. In total (780 sensors * 6 bytes) + 30 bytes = 4710 bytes

The output of the BraggMETER (every 1/10 of sec = 10 Hz):

  • “<header><ch0:s1>,1572.52,…,<ch0:sn>,…,<ch3:s1>,<ch3:s2>,…,<ch3:sn>”

Conclusions

The first part of our journey ends here.

In the following Blog post, we will see the data leave the sensor and travel in all its phases up to the view from the human being.

If you want to deepen some topics do not hesitate to leave us a comment below, just to let us know your opinion.

“A control system … would have allowed us to immediately understand the conditions of structures subject to possible catastrophes, and today would have allowed us to prevent many of the disasters that have occurred in recent times”.

 

These are the words of the engineer. Paolo Persi del Marmo CEO of NTSG, a partner company of GreenVulcano.

 

The solution referred to, based on OF (acronym of optical fibers), comes precisely from the need to verify the health status of a structure during its life, a system patented by NTSG to monitor the 3D and 2D deformations of an element of generic shape, using optical fibers as a means of measurement, a system that finds its greatest application in the control of major works (bridges, tunnels, roads, railways, dams) and buildings: a very topical aspect given the recent tragic events that hit Italy.

 

The data, once acquired, passes to the IoT platform of GreenVulcano, where they are analyzed to draw up reports and statistics, and to artificial intelligence that uses them to make predictive maintenance and prevent possible future structural damage.

 

Most likely you will have already heard about the term Internet of Things.

 

Although on the internet there are excellent descriptions if you have any curiosity about the topic we suggest you start reading some of the posts of our blog and then deepen the topics that interest you the most:

 

 

But what is an IoT platform and what are its characteristics? In this series of articles, we will try to give a more complete answer by explaining the growing need for every company that intends to start IoT projects and how the company GreenVulcano Technologies, with its solid technical background, can help companies to face the many challenging aspects of the IoT revolution.

 

2 – An “IoT data storm” is coming. Get ready

 

After the initial IoT hype and the disillusionment phase, we arrived at the beginning of the widespread adoption of technology and productivity. Customers recognize the IoT as a fundamental element for digital transformation and are ready to take the right steps to be part of it.

 

Sensors and actuators of all kinds are added to the Internet at unimaginable speed and the IoT market will continue to be one of the best exponentially growing markets in the coming years.

 

Customers will always pay more attention to the estimate and the results of every investment in this field.

 

The amount of data that “objects” generate and download on the Internet every day has never been addressed before and will need new technologies and new paradigms to be able to collect, store, process and analyze the IoT data flow.

 

But how much data are we talking about when we say “data storm”?

 

Just to give an example on a real monitoring scenario, we show you that of a tunnel, for the control of convergence and longitudinal deformations, when it is located on land subject to landslides.

Here are some photos that show one of the fundamental activities of IoT, that is to enable objects to “speak” to communicate information. This is the tunnel walls along their entire length:

Monitoring of a gallery:

  • Number of sensors: 780
  • Sampling frequency: 10 Hz
  • Wiring: 30 km of an optical fiber (Val di Sambro tunnel)
  • Package size: 6 bytes (each sensor) + 30 bytes of header
  • Hours of operation: 24/24 hours, 365 days/year

 

it follows:

 

  • 780 sensors * 10 Hz * 10 bytes * 60 seconds * 60 minutes * 24 hours
    • ~ 46 Kb per second
    • 161.7 MB per hour
    • 3.78 GB per day
    • 10 messages (~ 4.6 kb each message) per second

 

This is a simple scenario, but there are monitoring situations that require sampling frequencies at 1000 Hz, which may then require the transfer of 1000 measurements per second on the internet.

 

For a general idea, let’s consider this table, which shows the ranges of data related to a group of sensors of a hypothetical IoT project:

 

Amount of data of a hypothetical IoT project # of bytes to digest over the internet
Small < 100 MB per day
Medium < 1-10 GB per day
High < 50-500 GB per day
Huge > 500 GB > 1 TB > 100 TB > …?

 

This table is today quite realistic when it classifies traffic as small, medium, high and huge, and given that in the near future the numbers are destined to increase exponentially, the effect that will have is that the longevity of IoT solutions will be shorter and shorter. , therefore (again) it is important to adopt open, modular and scalable solutions and, above all, a correct methodological approach that can take account of this growth if we want to be able to exploit this revolution to the fullest.

Here at GreenVulcano, we are well aware of it has already had too many times to intervene in solutions and configurations that were not adequate and that required the design of the system starting from scratch. These situations have as a direct consequence the facing of further expenditure, with the main damage of keeping inoperative or operating only in one part, the structure on which it was already spent.

3- Conclusions

The IoT solutions will be increasingly used this because they transmit important knowledge to help digital transformation and are proving a basic element in every sector and market division. The cloud, the analysis and the IoT will extraordinarily improve the companies controlled by technology and will give greater productivity, safety, intelligence and profitability to the company. Unfortunately, most IT associations have almost no knowledge or training on operational structures such as monitoring and data acquisition supervision systems (SCADA).

So if you are serious about starting an IoT project for your organization, choosing an appropriate IoT platform and choosing an experienced service provider are extremely important and sensitive.

This is only the first step because then we need to move on to an analysis of new features that will be basic in the coming years such as:

  • artificial intelligence
  • edge computing
  • etc..

Things we will discover and deepen better in the next article.

Make an inquiry. How might I take care of a business issue utilizing IoT? The appropriate response is straightforward:

  • deploy IoT sensors all through the building, workforce and the fields,
  • introduce entryways and perusers all through to gather the information from the sensors and drive it up to the cloud
  • run machine learning or AI to find solutions to take care of each business issue.

Presently, rethink the inquiry in an unexpected way. On the off chance that the issues are anything but difficult to distinguish and unravel, for what reason does IoT not by any means illuminate these issues? The truth of the appropriate response is, any business issue that can be settled by IoT looks simple on paper however difficult to actualize.

 

Making the IoT work for the majority is, even more, an information challenge than a gadget availability issue. We initially need to remove the information from gadgets at that point make sense of what everything implies. Up until this point, the market has been centered around getting keen devices on the web. We’ve seen little development to enable us to devour every one of the information that these contraptions and machines gather. Subsequently, numerous IoT solutions experience the ill effects of the last-mile issue.

 

About this topic Marco D’Ambrosio, R & D Manager of GreenVulcano Technology s.r.l. has very clear ideas:

“Before the spread of the computerization culture, what is nowadays created with a simple software program, was realized with physical electronic cards that sometimes managed mechanics. Just think of the industrial production companies that still make extensive use of it. Today everyone talks about IoT but few have traveled the last mile filling the GAP between the immaterial part “software” and the material part “Device”. Although the passage seems short, it actually represents the union of two worlds, that of electronics and mechanics on one side and that of computers on the other.”

 

At the end of the day, these arrangements are gathering information, yet neglect to enable individuals to see and comprehend the information they mine.

 

So we asked Marco what could facilitate the adoption of this process.

“The road map of this procedure is strongly dictated by the funds and the tools put in place by the bodies in charge, in fact we can see that the whole world is pushing towards the industry 4.0, which is nothing but to unite these two worlds that have driven the development of all the major world economies of the last 60 years.

It should be emphasized that the device is an enabling factor and not the ultimate goal of innovation, which instead leads to a deep understanding of those correlations that make a procedure profitable.”

 

And as our IoT data starts to help drive decisions, things go from being mere devices that carry signals to being agents of empowerment that transform organizations.

 

That’s how we close the last-mile gap.

 

We’ve only scratched the surface. As devices light up, things get interesting—if we can decode what the devices have to say.

 

But what is the fundamental characteristic of this new perspective?

“This new approach will generate shared knowledge.

While before such a vision was the prerogative of the experts, who could see the pockets of inefficiency nested in the process, thanks to a factor of “natural data analysis” dictated by experience, the IoT and the deep analysis will make it more democratic and accessible reach excellence.

Who will win this great challenge are the companies that will be able to create open IoT platforms, for the realization of applications aimed at solving real problems, caring about security and data supply chain.

 

Once we see and understand IoT data, we’ll be able to make smarter decisions about our personal well-being, our professional performance, and the world we share.

 

With the rise of low-cost sensors, connectivity everywhere, and our fast-growing volume of data, the Internet of Things is likely to reshape the world as we know it.

The Internet of Things is probably going to reshape the world as we probably are aware of it. As per Gartner, Inc., there will be almost 26 billion associated gadgets by 2020. From wearables to home automation, to assembling streamlining, the potential outcomes are colossal, yet so are the difficulties.

 

“In my opinion, this is a real industrial revolution that will make a natural selection of truly innovative companies and those that instead claim to be but that are actually conservative and will struggle to move forward.”

 

If you do not want to miss the opportunity that this digital transformation brings to, contact us for a free consultation to this email: marketing@greenvulcano.com

 

As soon as possible we will set up a meeting where you can solve your doubts and you will have the necessary tools to face this revolution.

 

IOT, or the Internet of Things, is taking the technology by storm. Technology is everywhere, and the future is digital. The future is more than just technology though, but technology has found its way into so many other aspects. How will the Internet of Things stretch farther than the world it was produced in? Learn how the Internet of Things is impacting other industries below.

Manufacturing

A current industrial revolution is in the works, and IOT is helping it happen.

IOT works to optimize two main areas in the manufacturing industry: business and production. This industry will be impacted from the ground up. On the floor, there is the possibility to have new technologies incorporated into machines which will work more efficiently, and possibly entirely on their own. This technology includes the possibility for predictive maintenance, a time-consuming and expensive cost if not dealt with timely and appropriately. The sensors used in IOT technologies can predict and alert to maintenance concerns, along with many other functions these sensor possess such as detecting issues that would present safety concerns. To read more about what these sensors could do for the factory floor, click here.

The manufacturing industry will be completely transformed in the way that they are ran and monitored. According to Tech Company Sensohive, “IIoT enables manufacturers to have new ‘eyes and ears’ in the production.” The new technologies and machines will allow for the factory floor to be better maintained and monitored, and executive offices will have access to more data. This data will be vital in accessing efficiency and cost optimization in time, cost, and production. These technologies will connect the factory floor to the executive offices, and will allow those making decisions to have a fuller view and a better understanding of the workings of the company.

Retail

It’s not easy to sell to a complete stranger. With IOT technologies, no customer is truly a complete stranger.

IOT technologies are excellent for collecting data of all sorts. How does this function in the retail industry? Wonderfully, actually. Having data on a direct customer is extremely useful for deciding how to tailor a sale to that customer. According to the site I-Scoop, “89% of early-movers in retail gain increased insight into customer preferences and behaviors from the Internet of Things.”

IOT systems are being used in the retail industry to collect data on who enters a store, and it picks up on their demographic, their age, which area of the store they spend the majority of their time in, and how long they were in the store compared to how much they actually purchased. Incorporating this technology into this industry not allow allows for retailers to get a better understanding of their customers, but it allows for them to create personalized experiences for shoppers. Products and services may then be suggested to the customer based on previously collected data.

Incorporating IOT technologies into a retail corporation allows them to use sensors to detect when inventory in a warehouse is low so that products are always available when customers want them. Also, these technologies can be used to track shipped packages more efficiently and keep the consumer informed about their progress and status.

Customers themselves can even make the job easier, utilizing IOT software to scan an item on their phone and instantly receive information about the products such as its price and helpful reviews. A customer who has more information on a product is more likely to purchase that product, and a company utilizing IOT is more likely to get them their product successfully.

Health Care

The use of IOT in the Health Care industry is exciting because not only is there the potential to save money, but there’s a potential to save lives.

The incorporation of the Internet of Things into the Health Care industry is not yet completely widespread, but the opportunities for its integration are. According to Forbes contributor Bernard Marr, “the IOT healthcare market will reach $136.8 billion worldwide by 2021.”

IOT has implications in both the personal patient side of health care and in the insurance side. IOT hopes to instill wearable technologies that they can all speak to each other so that they may individually monitor things about a person such as their heart rate, blood sugar levels, glucose levels and more. According to IOT Agenda, these sensors “gather medical data that was never before accessible.” IOT allows the separate devices to communicate and interpret, based on the data that they are collecting, whether there is a problem. From here, they can alert the patient and other necessary assistance so that these problems can be attended to. These devices offer patients the opportunity to monitor their own health from the comforts of their own home.

The Internet of Things is applicable to the health insurance sector as well. Allowing patients to monitor their own levels at all hours provides insurance companies with data that is both truthful and accurate. In addition, this data allows doctors to be more proactive in diagnosing and treating patients which prevents many simple sicknesses and illnesses from getting to a point where they are life-threatening. Click here to read more about the ways IOT systems can be utilized in the health care industry.

Transportation

The Internet of Things has the potential to have a huge impact on the transportation industry, an industry that spills over onto many others.

The site Supply Chain 247 states that “whether by air, ground, or sea, transportation and logistics are essential components to many enterprises’ productivity, and access to real-time data is critical.” With IOT software, cars will hopefully have sensors that can monitor and schedule maintenance, optimize fuel, and even train their drivers. Sensors can monitor traffic flow and predict obstacles that could slow up delivery processes, allowing companies to alert their customers or even decide early enough on alternate means of delivery. This proactive approach will save companies money as well as strengthening their relationships to their customers. In addition, the software is hopefully developing to a point of autonomous driving, a practice which is obvious in its ways to potentially save corporations money. To read more about how businesses are directly impacted by the growing incorporation of IOT into the transportation industry, click here and here.

Energy

IOT is having a large impact on the energy industry, helping business’ wallets and the earth’s well-being at the same time.

Incorporating IOT software into the energy industry has positive effects on all types of businesses, whether they are energy-focused or not. As we’ve established, one of the most important parts of IOT software is its ability to use sensors and technology to collect and utilize data. These sensors play a huge role in this industry. Placing the sensors on machines can allow companies to monitor if the machines themselves are functioning in a way that is environmentally efficient, as functioning this way saves businesses money. IOT sensors placed on smart thermostats can be used to automatically switch off high-powered devices during their peak demand times.

According to IOT Innovation, “In the United States alone, 30% of the energy used in an average commercial building is wasted.” The data collected from sensors can give companies an idea of whether they are being efficient or not, and smart sensors can help them fix their issues and become more efficient in the areas they identify through the data. Maintaining equipment and supplies in this way helps to avoid outages, utilize their power, and identify safety hazards, saving energy and money for all businesses. Click here to read more about the way in which the energy industry is impacted by IOT.

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